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ingilizce atatürk ilkeleri ingilizce atatürkün ilkeleri , ingilizce atatürk ilkeleri( 645 kelime) ATATÜRK’S PRINCIPLES Atatürk’s principles can be summed up in six fundamentals: Republicanism: The
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    ingilizce atatürkün ilkeleri,ingilizce atatürk ilkeleri( 645 kelime)


    Atatürk’s principles can be summed up in six fundamentals:

    Republicanism: The Kemalist reforms represent a political revolution; a
    change from the multinational Empire to the establishment of the nation
    state of Turkey and the realisation of national identity of modern Turkey.
    Kemalism only recognises a Republica n regime for Turkey. Kemalism
    believes that it is only the republican regime which can best represent
    the wishes of the people.

    Populism: The Kemalist revolution was also a social revolution in term of
    its content and goals. This was a revolution led by an elite with an
    orientation towards the people in general. The Kemalist reforms brought
    about a revolutionary change in the status of women through the adoption
    of Western codes of law in Turkey, in particular the Swiss Civil Code.
    Moreover, women received the right to vote in 1934. Atatürk stated on a
    number of occasions that the true rulers of Turkey were the peasants. This
    was actually a goal rather than a reality in Turkey. In fact, in the
    official explanation given to the principle of populism it was stated that
    Kemalism was against class privileges and class distinctions and it
    recognized no individual, no family, no class and no organization as being
    above others. Kemalist ideology was, in fact, based on supreme value of
    Turkish citizenship. A sense of pride associated with this citizenship
    would give the needed psychological spur to the people to make them work
    harder and to achieve a sense of unity and national identity.

    Secularism: Kemalist secularism did not merely mean separation of state
    and religion, but also the separation of religion from educational,
    cultural and legal affairs. It meant independence of thought and
    independence of institutions from the dominance of religious thinking and
    religious institutions. Thus, the Kemalist revolution was also a
    secularist revolution. Many Kemalist reforms were made to bring about
    secularism, and others were realised because secularism had been achieved.
    The Kemalist principle of secularism did not advocate atheism. It wa s not
    an anti-God principle. It was a rationalist, anti-clerical secularism. The
    Kemalist principle of secularism was not against an enlightened Islam, but
    against an Islam which was opposed to modernisation.

    Reformism: One of the most important principles that Atatürk formulated
    was the principle of reformism or revolutionism. This principle meant that
    Turkey made reforms and that she replaced traditional institutions with
    modern institutions. It meant that traditional concepts were eliminated
    and modern concepts were adopted. The principle of reformism went beyond
    the recognition of the reforms which were made.

    Nationalism: The Kemalist revolution was also a
    nationalist revolution. Kemalist nationalism was not racist. It was meant
    to preserve the independence of the Republic of Turkey and also to help
    the Republic’s political development. It was a nationalism w hich
    respected the right to independence of all other nations. It was a
    nationalism with a social content. It was not only anti-imperialist, but
    it was also against the rule of a dynasty or of any particular social
    class over Turkish society. Kemalist nat ionalism believes in the
    principle that the Turkish state is an indivisible whole comprising its
    territory and people.

    Statism: Kemal Atatürk made clear in his statements and policies that
    Turkey’s complete modernisation was very much dependent on economic and
    technological development. The principle of statism was interpreted to
    mean that the state was to regulate the country’s general economic
    activity and the state was to engage in areas where private enterprise was
    not willing to do so, or where private enterprise had proved to be i
    nadequate, or if national interest required it. In the application of the
    principle of statism, however, the state emerged not only as the principle
    source of economic activity but also as the owner of the major industries
    of the country.

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